Mestizaje/Hybridity (Mesti-bridity) as Struggle, Contest and Subversion in Plácido (1982) by Gerardo Fulleda León

Darrelstan Fitzwarren Ferguson

Abstract


The major objective of this paper is to investigate the extent to which the author, Gerardo Fulleda León, problematises the concept of hybridity in his 1989 dramatic work, Plácido. It aims to identify the different ways in which race, class, nationhood, and even gender, all come to figure nineteenth-century Cuba as a hybrid state enduring struggle and contest. It uses Homi K. Bhabha’s  understanding of hybridity as a “third space” that constantly dialogues and clashes with its constituent selves, alongside Peter Wade’s similar reasoning of the term as precisely a process of “struggle and contest”. It finds that Fulleda León carries out multiple acts of subversion in the text primarily through juxtaposition and irony in order to privilege an Afrocentric discourse and restore the dignity of Afro-Cuban subjectivity. It concludes that, by way of revisiting a controversial event—the killing of the mulatto poet Plácido—etched in Cuban history, the author achieves the feat of denouncing Cuba’s racist past and memorialising the lifework and values of the tragic figure of Plácido.


Full Text:

PDF

References


Works Cited

Anzaldúa, Gloria. “To Live in the Borderlands Means You.” Frontiers: A Journal of Women

Studies, vol. 17, no. 3, 1996, pp. 4–5. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/3346863. Accessed 22 May 2017.

Achebe, Chinua. “Named for Victoria, Queen of England.” The Post-Colonial

Studies Reader, edited by Bill Ashcroft et al., Routledge, 1995, pp. 190-193.

Bhabha, Homi K. “Cultural Diversity and Cultural Differences.” The

Post-Colonial Studies Reader, edited by Bill Ashcroft et al., Routledge, 1995, pp. 206-209.

Brathwaite, Edward Kamau. “Nation Language.” The Post-Colonial Studies

Reader, edited by Bill Ashcroft et al., Routledge, 1995, pp. 309-313.

Dash, Michael. “Marvellous Realism: The way Out of Négritude.” The Post-Colonial Studies

Reader, edited by Bill Ashcroft et al., Routledge, 1995, pp. 199-201.

Francis, J. Michael. Iberia and the Americas: Culture, Politics, and History,

ABC-CLIO, 1st ed., 2005. Credo Reference, login.rproxy.uwimona.edu.jm/login?url=http://search.credoreference.com/content/entry/abcibamrle/mestizaje/0?institutionId=8609. Accessed 13 April 2017.

Fulleda León, Gerardo. “Plácido” (1982), Algunos Dramas de la Colonia. Ciudad de la

Habana: Editorial Letras Cubanas, 1984.

Gyulay, Nicole M.. “Hybridity.” The Encyclopedia of Literary and Cultural

Theory, edited by Michael Ryan, Wiley, 1st ed., 2011. Credo Reference, login.rproxy.uwimona.edu.jm/login?url=http://search.credoreference.com/content/entry/wileylitcul/hybridity/0?institutionId=8609. Accessed 30 May 2017.

Knight, Franklin W. Slave Society in Cuba During the Nineteenth Century. The U

of Wisconsin P, 1970.

Lund, Joshua. “Hibridación (Hybridity).” A Historical Companion to Postcolonial

Literatures: Continental Europe and its Empires, edited by Prem Poddar and Rajeev Patke, Edinburgh University Press, 1st ed., 2008. Credo Reference, login.rproxy.uwimona.edu.jm/login?url=http://search.credoreference.com/content/entry/edinburghpcl/hibridaci%C3%B3n_hybridity/0?institutionId=8609. Accessed 17 March 2017.

Martiatu Terry, Inés María. “Plácido”. Más allá del héroe: antología crítica del

teatro histórico hispanoamericano, edited by María Mercedes Jaramillo and Juanamaría Cordones-Cook, Universidad de Antioquia, 2008, pp. 177-187. Google Books, books.google.com/books?id=vtxKlfPsjsgC&pg=PA177&lpg=PA177&dq=pl%C3%A1cido+in%C3%A9s+mar%C3%ADa+martiatu+terry&source=bl&ots=ruUtZR9Cc2&sig=AcT2ytteVKK2OSdSfBwloFy2VCI&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiY5qaQ6LTVAhVEFj4KHf_lAmcQ6AEIPDAG#v=onepage&q=pl%C3%A1cido%20in%C3%A9s%20mar%C3%ADa%20martiatu%20terry&f=false. Accessed 4 May 2017.

Matibag, Eugenio. “Valdés, Gabriel de la Concepción.” Encyclopedia of

Emancipation and Abolition in the Transatlantic World, edited by Junius Rodriguez, Routledge, 1st ed., 2007. Credo Reference, login.rproxy.uwimona.edu.jm/login?url=http://search.credoreference.com/content/entry/sharpeeman/vald%C3%A9s_gabriel_de_la_concepci%C3%B3n/0?institutionId=8609. Accessed 14 April 2017.

Morales Domínguez, Esteban. Race in Cuba: Essays on the Revolution and

Racial Inequality, edited by Gary Prevost and August Nimtz, NYU Press, 2012, Google Books, books.google.com.jm/books?id=1IgTCgAAQBAJ&pg=PA51&dq=whitening+cuba&hl=en&sa=X&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=whitening%20cuba&f=false. Accessed 8 May 2017.

Petersen, Kirsten Holst and Anna Rutherford. “Fossil and Psyche”. The Post-

Colonial Studies Reader, edited by Bill Ashcroft et al.. Routledge, 1995. pp. 185-189.

Ramsay, Paulette. “From Object to Subject: The Affirmation of Female

Subjectivity in Quince Duncan's La Paz del pueblo (1978) and Kimbo (1989).” Caribbean Quarterly, vol. 45, no. 1, March 1999, pp. 17-26.

---. “On Page and On Screen: An Examination of Gerardo Fulleda León’s Plácido

(1982) and its Cinematic Representation.” College Language Association, vol. 52, no. 3, 2009, pp. 221-237.

Wade, Peter. “Rethinking ‘Mestizaje’: Ideology and Lived Experience”. Journal of Latin

American Studies, vol. 37, no. 2, 2005, pp. 239–257. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/3875685. Accessed 4 April 2017.

Wisker, Gina. Key Concepts in Postcolonial Literature. Macmillan Publishers Ltd, 1st ed.,

Credo Reference, login.rproxy.uwimona.edu.jm/login?url=http://search.credoreference.com/content/entry/macpcl/hybridity/0?institutionId=8609. Accessed 15 May 2017.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.32855/palara.2020.011

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


ISSN: 2639-1295

 

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.